Sample Draft Resolution


Committee Name: Disarmament and International Security Committee

Topic Area: Narcoterrorism

Signatories: Albania, Armenia, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, Bolivia, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Djibouti, DR Congo, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Granada, Guatemala, Guyana, Iraq, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Monaco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Congo, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The General Assembly,

Recalling the 1999 International Conference for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, General Assembly resolution 51/210 of 17 December 1996, 2003 Security Council Resolution 1456, and 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, with the aim to counter terrorism and curb the illicit trafficking of drugs,

Recalling the Convention against Corruption and the 1988 Convention and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime,

Recalling the 1994 Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism and the Security Council Resolution 1373 of 2001,

Recognizing the close connection between international terrorism and illicit drugs trafficking and money laundering as stated in paragraph 4 of the Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001),

Keeping in mind the concerns and proposed solutions of transit states,

Affirming that narcoterrorism poses a transnational threat that requires a multilateral approach and a focus on both security and the socio-economic wellbeing of member states,

Seeking to address the methods of strengthening drug trafficking,

Welcoming the reevaluation, strengthening, and implementation of existing anti-corruption measures,

Realizing the vitality of establishing and implementing necessary domestic and regional legal enforcement schemes in tackling narcoterrorism,

Taking note of the similarities of narcoterrorism and resources terrorism, regarding the system of funding and its severe effects on local communities,

Noting with deep concern the graveness of strengthening the combating capacity of narcoterrorists groups through the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons,

Alarmed by the issue of money laundering which involves the re-integration of the cash raised from criminal activities into the financial system, trade weapons, false passports, share safe havens, etc.,

Taking into account the historical and illicit uses of crops with respect to the culture of sovereign states such as Bolivia, Peru and Colombia, which cultivate coca leafs for the production of traditional medication and not drugs,

Recalling Article 26-27 from the 1961 Convention article which allows for cultivation of coca leafs for traditional and medical purposes,

Bearing in mind that the presence of Small Arms and Light Weapons in regions serve as an impetus for paramilitary groups to create strongholds and undermine the rule of law,

Reaffirming the autonomy of nations in matters of gun control,

Convinced that an integrated approach to narcoterrorism requires adequate emphasis paid to the disarmament and demilitarization of regions which currently face a SALW problem,

Recognizing the importance of local participation in the process of disarmament,

Taking note of the fact that narcoterrorism often includes the concept of terrorist activities funded by illegal traffic and production of narcotics and further invites relevant United Nations bodies such as the general assembly legal committee and the special political and decolonization committee,

Reasserting the United Nation’s firm position in upholding human rights in the pursuit of anti-drug and anti-terrorist activities,

Taking note of the involvement in drug trafficking as a serious crime,

Realizing the importance of forming strong regional coalition to tackle the primary afflicted in areas such as Africa with drug trafficking and Latin America with drug production,

1) Recommends the empowerment of the regional offices of UNODC in conjunction with the Counter-terrorism committee established under the Security Council Resolution 1373 which will oversee the regional cooperation outlined in this resolution;

2) Emphasizes that a regional approach is crucial in tackling narcoterrorism and the existing regional and bilateral security agreements, including but not limited to the following areas should be strengthened:
a. Trust Building and Intelligence Sharing among nations,
b. Co-ordination of law enforcement agencies and judicial co-operation between states;

3) Recommends that there is a need for member states in the national and international war on drugs to undertake the decriminalization of Soft Drugs as has been defined by the UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1988, keeping in spirit with the UNODC’s recommendation:

a. This in turn shall lead to the elimination of the black market and lead to the mainstreaming of the drug trade in different parts of the world, which would eliminate the close synergy between groups indulging in nefarious activities and drug traffickers,
b. The money generated through the drug trade shall then be brought under individual Government’s supervision, which would then lead to reduction of the problem of money laundering in turn leading to the funding of politically motivated groups that destabilize various countries,
c. The decriminalization of Soft Drugs in turn would reduce the instances of HIV/AIDS in various parts of the world as Government’s through clean syringes exchange programs and methadone substitution would be able to meet the commitments under the Vienna Declaration and also urges those nations who have not ratified it yet to do so;

4) Strongly encourages member states to implement anti-corruption measures such as:

a. The creation of offices in line with judicial systems to deal with corruption-related complaints against civil servants,
b. The promotion of education programs in order to foster an early understanding of such rights and obligations,
c. The development of multilateral and bilateral anti-corruption technical assistance programs, sharing of anti-corruption best practices and preparation of anti-corruption action plans, and cooperation of law enforcement agencies;

5) Solemnly affirms to support transit countries where necessary in order to support and strengthen law enforcement institutions by increasing their capacity and capabilities to identify, police and punish narcoterrorist activities and cartels in the following manners:

a. Creating the United Nations Border Control Fund financed by the United Nations in order to provide transit countries with the necessary resources to secure their borders,
b. Stronger border security measures in but not limited to aerial, terrestrial, submarine and marine transportation and ports,
c. Training border patrols and custom agencies to become more efficient and competent in dealing with drug and precursor chemicals exportation and importation,
d. Strengthening of maritime forces through providing training and resources for the purpose of preventing drug transportation across international borders especially within state Exclusive Economic Zones;

6) Encourages member states to work on a regional and bilateral basis cooperating with existing regional security institutions and frameworks to secure their borders by the following measures:

a. Suggesting the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) regional offices to establish Border Cooperation Offices (BCO) for joint border control operations at ports, airports and major border crossings,
b. Cooperating on legislative and policy frameworks in order to identify and rectify key omissions in domestic laws and other legal instruments relevant to illicit drug trafficking,
c. Facilitating joint law enforcement training programs for officers, prosecutors, judges and other specialized officials delivered, monitored and evaluated by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),
d. Increasing intelligence-sharing and communication measures by encouraging Member States to engage in comprehensive security training and technological assistance in identifying, tracking and confiscating illegal shipments and circulations of materials and commodities;

7) Strongly urges member states to implement strict restrictions on the trade of illicit and undocumented weapons on the black market small arms and light weapons:

a. Strongly urges Member States to adopt, where appropriate, comprehensive punishment and law enforcement mechanisms for importers of illegal arms and light weapons, in order to deter trade in elements that facilitate terrorist activities,
b. Further urges ongoing disarmament programs aimed at reducing the availability and prevalence of existing weapons in states,
c. Encourages the continuation of multilateral information-sharing mechanisms for the purposes of tracing illegal arms flows in the international community,
d. Recommends member states to refrain from selling small arms and light weapons to groups suspicious of terrorist activities or drug organized crime groups;

8) Recommends nations to pursue regional disarmament of Small Arms and Light Weapons on the basis of four pillars, namely:

a. Participation of authorities and forces at the local level,
b. An organized and pre-planned approach for weapons collection,
c. Implementing Appropriate Destruction Processes,
d. Overcoming a gun culture, if present;

9) Trusts nations to implement disarmament programs tailored to their regional specifications, including, but not limited to:

a. Monetary approaches (eg: buybacks),
b. Non-monetary approaches (eg: Tools for Arms as implemented in Mozambique),
c. Amnesty,
d. Mobile collection points,
e. Ad hoc seizure methods,
f. Enlisting the cooperation of leaders,
g. Special training for those deactivating weapons that are highly explosive,
h. Pre-collection campaigns,
i. Providing alternative employment opportunities to those agreeing to disarm;

10) Strongly encourages Member States to adopt comprehensive anti-tax evasion and anti-money laundering laws at the domestic level by adopting the following measures to effectively monitor and detect the financial transactions that are deemed to be in relation to terrorist activity by the respective organizations, by:

a. Designating national or domestic organizations to keep track of unusual financial transactions for better cooperation with relevant investigation institutions,
b. Encouraging member states to submit annual reports addressing suspicious financial transactions to the UNODC Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to prevent the financing of international terrorist activities through means such as money laundering,
c. Strengthening the implementation of the Global Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Threat Assessment (GTA) report to more inclusively address the issue revolving around narcoterrorism which turn paves way for the adoption and ratification of The Laundering, Search and Confiscations of the Proceeds from crime, Strasbourg pertaining to a set of stringent legislative steps and actions to strengthening the financial and banking systems in countries and urges nations to adopt proactive measures to prevent money from falling into the hands of groups indulging in nefarious activities,
d. Recommending national governments to adopt policies in consultation with one another and to cooperate closely with one another to freeze assets of drugs-affiliated groups or individuals of money and reiterate that nations should come out into the open and act;

11) Urges all member states to donate generously to the UN Development Fund, recognizing that economic development is a long term solution to the current situation in which some developing states are reliant about the proceeds or illegal activities such as drug trafficking to fund public services;

12) Recognizes
the importance of information sharing or intelligence sharing among member states, specifically regional sharing which is fundamental to stop the possible transportation of narcotic drugs:

a. Invites the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the respective regional cooperation entities such as the African Union and INTERPOL to establish centers so that related agencies or entities can share the related intelligence or information,
b. Recommends the centers to deliver the collected data to related local agencies to enhance their capacity by utilizing the information to trace and tackle narcotic drugs trafficking,
c. Believes that the collected can be used to identify main opposition groups in Africa and drug trafficking,
d. Encourages the fusion centers to share the data with relevant national or regional research institutes to investigate into the production and consumption sources of drugs,
e. Reiterates the necessity of using advanced technology such as the internet in facilitating the tracing of these drug trafficking activities;

13) Further recommends the adoption of alternative crops for farmers who are cultivating narcotic related plants by:

a. Recommending the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) & Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to create a special fund in collaboration with the UNODC specialized in crops conversion,
b. Experts would advise countries willing to adopt new crops and provide them with financial supports after approval of the FAO,
c. Insisting on the need for governments and international donors in long term investment in the production of new alternatives,
d. Promoting better practices and lessons learned by states affected by illicit drug production who have succeeded into finding alternative crops,
e. Giving easier access to market of products of alternative development as well as giving government incentives such as subsidies,
f. Encourages pharmaceutical companies to invest in legitimate uses of the narcotics trade, in order to discourage illicit production;

14) Draws the attention to the necessity of managing in a more efficient way the trade of precursor chemicals which are used in the production of many drugs by:

a. Monitoring chemicals used in drug production flow at customs,
b. Giving incentives to chemical producers so that they monitor better to who they sell their products and that to verify their final use and sharing relevant information with relevant organizations and regional cooperation,
c. Giving particular attention to shipments who go into areas where drug production is high through bilateral agreements on transparency and information exchange between countries;

15) Urges the provisional formulation of an expert analysts group from various fields to examine the societal and environmental impact of novel drug eradication and awareness programmes;

16) Suggests the UNODC, including its terrorism prevention branch to enhance cooperation with the United Nations Counter-terrorism committee (UNCTC) and the UNSC to implement the international convention and protocols related to the prevention and suppression of terrorists activities;

17) Endorses all member states to donate generously to the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP); recognising that economic development is a long term solution to the current situation in which some developing states are reliant upon the proceeds of illegal activities such as drug trafficking to fund public services.