The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) manages the application of international drug treaties and also acts as the governing body of UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime). It was established by Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) resolution 1946. The Commission has power to influence drug control policy by advising other bodies and deciding how various substances will be controlled and help nation states achieve the Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs). However, enforcement power is reserved to the International Narcotics Control Board. According to the Article 8 of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, the Commission's powers include making recommendations for the implementation of the aims and provisions of the Single Convention, drawing the attention of non-parties to decisions and recommendations which it adopts under the Single Convention.
The post industrialisation era is characterized by technological revolution and globalization, which has played a huge role in transformation of the world from a globe to a global village, and an offshoot of the various effects of globalization has been the establishment of trade, and in extension to trading commodities and an increase illicit drug trade. The consequences of illicit drug put a significant burden on certain country’s economy where this problem is prevalent and divert resources away from other productive uses. Production and trade of illicit drugs do not only pose a threat to the economy but also pose a serious health hazard to millions, causing addiction and substance abuse. Thus, the urgency lies in the UNODC to issue a immediate global response through revision of systems, laws and policies in place to combat and eradicate illicit drug trade.
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