The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was founded in December 1950, during the aftermath of the second World War under the mandate to protect refugees, stateless persons and displaced communities and assist in their repatriation, integration and resettlement to other countries. 44,400 people are forced to flee their homes everyday because of conflict and persecution, operating on the basis 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol it falls upon the UNHCR to take measures that facilitate and prioritize life and safety over everything else. With 68.5 million people forcibly displaced worldwide amidst political instability in the Middle East and the subsequent refugee crisis, the UNHCR has come into the spotlight and will be an important agency to shape the next 15 years in terms of effective disaster management and burden sharing.
The sociopolitical world is in turmoil, the ongoing crisis in hotspots over the globe threatens to disrupt the fabric of peace, humanity has worked so hard to sustain. Over 69 million people have been displaced due to the political instability and unrest in several countries, namely Afghanistan, Myanmar, South Sudan, Somalia and Syria. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is required to act as a first response body to ensure preservation of human rights and life. It is imperative for member states of the HCR to address the global crisis and assist in sustainable policy making, both, in terms of rehabilitation of refugees in host states, and their repatriation to origin states after peace and normalcy has returned to the region of armed conflict.
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